History of Umm Al Quwain; vast heritage and unique discoveries in this tiny emirate back to 700 years old

Howayda Sayed
Published 9 months ago on 30 May, 2023-655 views
History of Umm Al Quwain In the United Arab Emirates, the background of a fish is a metallic symbol

History of Umm Al Quwain; It reveals secrets hidden for hundreds of years and is part of UAE History. Al Quwain is considered the second-smallest emirate and the least in terms of population. It is the home of comfort and tranquility amidst the authentic heritage witnessed by the history of Umm Al Quwain. Follow the guide that we will provide, which will help you if you want to visit this tiny and fantastic city.


The Ancient History of Umm Al Quwain

The discoveries made by scientists in the UAE illuminated traces of Umm Al Quwain’s history, which reaches 700 years old. The artifacts found on Al Sinniyah Island in Umm Al-Quwain also proved the UAE History in general.

The research found the presence of coastal settlements in Al Seniya, located between Umm Al Quwain and the coast of the Gulf of Emirates. This island protects lake Khawr Al Bayḑah surrounded by mangroves, which is one of the most famous tourist attractions in Umm Al-Quwain.

Two human settlements were also found in Umm Al Quwain, occupied 6,000 years ago. They found that the low hills there form stone buildings that collapsed in the past. Jul Far Peak in RAS al-Khaimah, the settlement is the center of pearling in the Middle Ages Lower Gulf.


Location of umm al quwain

The location of the Emirate of Umm Al Quwain in the United Arab Emirates and a map drawn showing it

The Emirate of Umm Al Quwain is connected with the city of RAS Al Khaimah and Abu Dhabi, about 32 km inland from the UAE capital. It is built on the peninsula of Khor Al beida marshlands in Umm Al Quwain, with an area of 77 square kilometers, 1 percent of the size of the United Arab Emirates. It is also located opposite the Arabian Gulf, and bordered on several sides by the following regions:

RegionDirection
RAS Al KhaimahSouthwest
SharjahNortheast
Persian GulfNorthwest, for a distance of 27 km

“Read also: History of the development of Dubai


UAQ’s Economy

The history of Umm Al Quwain dates back to the Bronze Age, 3000 years ago. Where tools and equipment used by semi-nomadic tribes were discovered. The region still clings to fishing as the main contributor to the economy of the town of Umm Al Quwain, which exports all kinds of seafood to Europe and the Middle East.

Agricultural economics

The economy of Umm Al Quwain was linked to the cultivation of date palms, which it has been famous for since ancient times. The UAE’s first farm for breeding and producing poultry was also established in Falaj Al Mualla.

Industrial heritage

An essential part of the history of Umm Al Quwain industries flourished after a century, building boats, which became increasingly produced until they reached twice the number that Dubai made.

“See more: Dubai Creek History


UAQ National Museum

The Archaeological Museum of the Emirate of Umm Al Quwain and part of the museum and cannons

The museum in the city center closely looks at its vast heritage that expresses the history of Umm Al Quwain. It is home to many discoveries in Ed-Dur city in this emirate. It is one of the Larger archaeological sites that revealed the secrets of UAE History.

This following table shows some of the information you need about Umm Al quwain fort and Museum:

AddressTheater – Old Umm Al Quwain, United Arab Emirates
Establish Date1768 AD
FounderSheikh Rashid bin Majid Al Mualla
Recommend time2–3 hours
Opening hoursSat to Thu/ 08:00 am to 02:00 pm
Fri/ 05:00 pm to 08:00 pm
Ticket pricesAED 4 (adults)
Admission is free (children under 15)

The Umm Al Quwain Museum, or Al Ali Castle, is also distinguished by the presence of rare displays Inside it. You can make it a stopping point about the history of Umm Al Quwain and the history of the United Arab Emirates during your visit to the Emirate of Umm Al Quwain. Explore the amazing 4 parts of Al Ali Castle. Its sections include the following:

  • Royal heritage which is swords, Jewelry, and currencies.
  • Pictures and documentaries about the history of Umm Al Quwain.
  • Marine equipment for fishing pearls and fish in the past.
  • Military guns and military equipment.

“Read more: Ras Al Khaimah History


Discoveries in Umm Al Quwain

The discoveries showed the great importance of the pearl trade for the little emirate. It enjoys coastal mangroves that give way to dunes, with an agricultural oasis in Falaj Al Mualla. We also find that the modern history of Umm Al Quwain chronicles a group of the most discoveries, the most prominent of which we explain as follows:

  • Old Christian monastery at the sand dune sheikhdom of umm Al Quwain.
  • Sacred offerings and bowls for mixing wine.
  • The number of 500 archaeological cemeteries dates back 2,000 years.
  • Shields the Khor al Beida marshlands.
  • A treasure of artifacts dating back 500 years.

“May interest you: History of the UAE flag


Attractions in Umm Al Quwain City

The most important tourist attractions in Umm Al Quwain Dreamland Aqua Park

The emirate is characterized by its seven castles, cultural monuments, and long sandy beaches. It provides many tourist attractions, which allow tourists to learn about it. Which is linked to UAE History. Among the most prominent things that can be enjoyed, there are the following:

  • Traditional Arab practices such as falconry, camel racing, and fishing.
  • Dune Racing and Water sports.
  • Dreamland, the largest Aqua park, is suitable for family and friends. 

What is Umm Al Quwain known for?

It is famous for its amazing heritage and tourist attractions about the history of Umm Al Quwain, including:
Dreamland Aqua Park.
Wildlife Park Zoo.
Dreamland Aqua Park.
The old castle of Umm Al Quwain.
umm al quwain beach.

What is unique about Umm Al Quwain?

It is an ideal place for recreational activities, Such as skydiving, sailing, camel racing, falconry, and building sailboats.

How did Umm Al Quwain get its name?

Umm Al Quwain means Mother of the Two Powers, denoting the Gulf emirate’s ancient and strong maritime traditions.

What is the meaning of Umm Al Quwain?

It is one of the seven emirates that make up the UAE state, umm al quwain meaning Umm Al Quwatain, which are two powers, “land and sea” that it has authority over.


With this, we have provided you with evidence of knowledge that sheds new light on the history of Umm Al Quwain, and facts about umm al quwain. Many secrets and ancient treasures hide in that emirate within the United Arab Emirates. It managed to attract tourists with its seven castles, cultural heritage monuments, and long sandy beaches.

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